A windpost is a vertical element offering lateral support to cladding element typically made from masonry. Historically masonry elements were required to sustain only vertical forces and designed as principal load bearing elements
This is the first post in a series on concrete bridges, the series will discuss in detail the various aspects of concrete bridge design and construction. This post introduces the concept and the key benefits of using concrete for bridges
Inspection of activities on-site during construction is a high-risk operation that requires expertise and experience. Site inspections are of paramount significance as they aim to minimize the risk of accidents arising within the construction structure – even though they never guarantee non-occurrence of accidents. They can only be carried out by those familiar with the structure of the works and the constraints of the construction methods.
Timber as a structural element is not new, in fact, it predates the development of concrete and steel as structural members, dating back many centuries
Concealed concrete beams are beams whose depth are kept equal to the thickness of the supported slab. They are normally reinforced separately from the slab, having longitudinal bars and stirrups like a drop beam.
The most common form of steel connections in steel-framed structures is simple connections. These are connections that are incapable of transmitting significant bending moment between the frame elements.
Steel sections must be classified before a design can be carried out. This is because steel sections are highly subjected to large compressive stresses and could possibly fail through buckling if the plates comprising the steel section are very slender